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End Notes

1 Pet 1:22

"Since you have in obedience to the truth purified your souls for a sincere love of the brethren, fervently love one another from the heart,"


Truth(K)(ἀληθείας) → Obedience (ὑπακοῇ)/Purified (Y) for (εἰς) (→) B (φιλαδελφίαν) → Agape (ἀγαπήσατε)


Whenever I read 'Truth' I understand it as K.  Obedience involves S and Purification relates to Y generally.  'For' is the Greek word εἰς which could be translated as 'for' or 'unto'.  Thayer (1886, p. 184, l. 8, Left) described it as:  "e.  with acc. of the pers. towards (Germ. nach einem hin), but in sense nearly equiv. to the simple dat. to, unto, after verbs of approving, manifesting, showing one's self:"  This would produce a text that stresses that the purification was unto Philadelphia.  This passage is then followed by a clause where the imperative of Agape (ἀγαπήσατε) is a command that the disciples add Agape to their Philadelphia.

Sequencing is very much present!



Rom 15:4-6

"4For whatever was written in earlier times was written for our instruction, that through perseverance and the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope. 5Now may the God who gives perseverance and encouragement grant you to be of the same mind with one another according to Christ Jesus; 6that with one accord you may with one voice glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ."


writings (K) + perseverance(E)(ὑπομονῆς) → Hope (E)(ἐλπίδα) → one mind(B)(αὐτὸ φρονεῖν)


He started by speaking of 'what had been written'.  This says to me that he is referring to the content that would be studied at K.  This clause is followed by the preposition διὰ which is translated 'through'.  It is through this instruction that we might have 'encouragement of the scriptures'.  This would appear sequential.  διὰ also appears before endurance (ὑπομονῆς).  This would be consistent with sequentiality, but it need not be sequential.  It may be that something else produces the E.  This linkage here is unclear regarding this aspect of sequentiality.  The combination of E and encouragement combined seem to be what produces Hope.  As that encouragement can come from studying the Scriptures, this CAN be understood as sequential, but that is not necessary.  While the Greek phrase αὐτὸ φρονεῖν can be understood as 'to be of one mind', it MAY also be referring to the collegial interpersonal understanding theorized to be present at B.

NOT CAUSAL, but strongly suggestive of sequence



1 Thess. 1:3

"constantly bearing in mind your work of faith and labor of love and steadfastness of hope in our Lord Jesus Christ in the presence of our God and Father,"


F (πίστεως) & L (ἀγάπης) & steadfastness (E)(ὑπομονῆς) of hope (also E).


This listing is NOT CAUSAL.  It is simply a listing of key ideas in the CYA sequence.  Sequentiality does not seem to be intended.  The usage of them as a combined unit does seem interesting, however.



2 Timothy 1:7

"For God has not given us a spirit of timidity, but of power and love and discipline."


Spirit of Power (V)(δυνάμεως), Love (L)(ἀγάπης) & Discipline (Y)(σωφρονισμοῦ)


Thayer (1889, p. 159, l 16, Left) described δυνάμεως as: "a. universally, 'inherent power, power residing in a thing by virtue of its nature, or which a person or thing exerts and puts forth.'"  This usage would be quite common speaking in a military context.  As this author argued that Arete is best understood by the 'soldierly prototype', using this term to describe the virtue of Arete would seem quite consistent.


Thayer (1889, p. 613, l 22, Left) reported that σωφρονισμοῦ could be translated as "self-control, moderation."  He even cites 2 Timothy 1:7 as an example of this translation.  This usage would seem right at home being understood within the context of the CYA Youth (Y).


As in 1 Thess. 1:3 (above), this use is NOT CAUSAL.  It is just suggestive of the key ideas of the CYA sequence.  Once again, these three concepts appear in the Scriptures together.





Several instances of the three CYA virtues/groups appearing together were provided.  Only the first Scriptural passage was seen to be sequential.  The second was strongly suggestive of sequentiality, and the final two were seen to be simple clusters of items without any causality or sequentiality indicated.  Thus, seeing the CYA cluster as a sequence of development has some active support, and has no objective opposition.  While not sufficient to demonstrate its correctness, these instances do have a modest tendency in that direction.


This page revised and Copyrighted: Theon Doxazo

14 December, 2023