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End Notes

Matthew 13:3-9 & 18-23

"3And He spoke many things to them in parables, saying, “Behold, the sower went out to sow; 4and as he sowed, some seeds fell beside the road, and the birds came and ate them up. 5“And others fell upon the rocky places, where they did not have much soil; and immediately they sprang up, because they had no depth of soil. 6“But when the sun had risen, they were scorched; and because they had no root, they withered away. 7“And others fell among the thorns, and the thorns came up and choked them out. 8“And others fell on the good soil, and yielded a crop, some a hundredfold, some sixty, and some thirty. 9“He who has ears, let him hear.”


"18“Hear then the parable of the sower. 19“When anyone hears the word of the kingdom, and does not understand it, the evil one comes and snatches away what has been sown in his heart. This is the one on whom seed was sown beside the road. 20“And the one on whom seed was sown on the rocky places, this is the man who hears the word, and immediately receives it with joy; 21yet he has no firm root in himself, but is only temporary, and when affliction or persecution arises because of the word, immediately he falls away. 22“And the one on whom seed was sown among the thorns, this is the man who hears the word, and the worry of the world, and the deceitfulness of riches choke the word, and it becomes unfruitful. 23“And the one on whom seed was sown on the good soil, this is the man who hears the word and understands it; who indeed bears fruit, and brings forth, some a hundredfold, some sixty, and some thirty.”


Luke 8:4-15

"4And when a great multitude were coming together, and those from the various cities were journeying to Him, He spoke by way of a parable: 5“The sower went out to sow his seed; and as he sowed, some fell beside the road; and it was trampled under foot, and the birds of the air ate it up. 6“And other seed fell on rocky soil, and as soon as it grew up, it withered away, because it had no moisture. 7“And other seed fell among the thorns; and the thorns grew up with it, and choked it out. 8“And other seed fell into the good soil, and grew up, and produced a crop a hundred times as great.” As He said these things, He would call out, “He who has ears to hear, let him hear.”

     9And His disciples began questioning Him as to what this parable might be. 10And He said, “To you it has been granted to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God, but to the rest it is in parables, in order that SEEING THEY MAY NOT SEE, AND HEARING THEY MAY NOT UNDERSTAND. 11“Now the parable is this: the seed is the word of God. 12“And those beside the road are those who have heard; then the devil comes and takes away the word from their heart, so that they may not believe and be saved. 13“And those on the rocky soil are those who, when they hear, receive the word with joy; and these have no firm root; they believe for a while, and in time of temptation fall away. 14“And the seed which fell among the thorns, these are the ones who have heard, and as they go on their way they are choked with worries and riches and pleasures of this life, and bring no fruit to maturity. 15“And the seed in the good soil, these are the ones who have heard the word in an honest and good heart, and hold it fast, and bear fruit with perseverance."



Beside the Road

The seed was trampled under foot

Birds came and ate the seed

These people have heard

They do not understand the Word of the Kingdom

Satan snatches away what has been sown in their hearts

So that they may not believe and be saved

These people are Not Christians

Thus, this 'soil' is not directly applicable to the CYA or the 2nd Peter Sequence

Yet, 2 Peter Theory talks about the time Before Faith!


Rocky without much Soil

The seeds did not have much soil

Immediately the seeds sprang up, because the seeds had no depth of soil.

When the sun had risen, the seeds were scorched

Because they had no root/moisture, they withered away.

They hear the word/believe (Faith) for awhile

They immediately receive the Word with much joy (Virtue)

Yet, they have No firm root in themselves

If temptation/affliction or persecution appear because of the Word, they immediately

fall away (no Self-Control or Endurance)


Among Thorns

Thorns came up/grew up with the seed and choked them out

They had heard (Faith)

They go on their way (don't die/fall)

Yet, they are choked and unfruitful

They are choked by the worry of the world, and the deceitfulness of riches and

pleasures of this life (Self-Control at issue)

Unfruitful/No fruit to maturity (no Love)


Good Soil

They heard the Word in an honest and good heart and understands (Faith / C)

They hold the Word fast with perseverance (Hupomone / Y)

They yielded a crop/Bear fruit (Love / A)

30/60/100-fold (Individual differences)



So, what have we seen here and how does this relate to CYA?


Earlier in this Exegesis section we discussed the question:  'What is a prototype?'  In that discussion we noted that the eight virtues that 2 Peter arranged sequentially had nothing that described the process for moving from one virtue to the next.  The Second Peter Theory of Christian Spiritual Development was created to try to explain 'How' one moves from level to level.


The CYA 'theory' has the same characteristics as 2 Peter.  Each of these groups of characteristics are, essentially, nouns that need to have descriptions of How one moves from group to group.


You may have noticed that I am using the term 'group' to characterize the collection of characteristics that are Prototypical of each of these 'clusters' of variables.  The choice of this term, group, was driven to differentiate it from the term 'levels' used of the different clusters of qualities at each of the 'levels' of the 2 Peter sequence.  The reasoning behind this choice of 'group' was similar to that used for the  term 'levels' of the Peter sequence.


Beside the Road


Notice that the description of this group indicates that the people concerned 'Heard' the Word and 'understood' it.  If you will refer back to the discussion of Faith (F) you may recall that these were mentioned as important characteristics of the Hebrew concept of Faith.


You may also have noticed that this author has replaced the clause 'the evil one' with the name 'Satan'.  While I may be at fault for doing this, it seemed reasonable, in this context, to make this change.  It shortened and simplified the description of the one that was doing the evil.


Also, notice in Luke's recounting:  there is an additional clause describing Why and what happened after Satan's work was done, 'So that they may not believe and be saved'.  Once again, salvation REQUIRES Faith, and without it, one cannot be Saved.


Thus, this initial group is speaking of a collection of people that are NOT Christians.  As a result, this initial group is really NOT a part of the CYA theory.  It appears before the CYA theory begins.  This also applies to the 2 Peter Sequence.  Yet, the 2 Peter Theory does talk about the time Before Faith!  This part of the Theory was added to describe the character of the Lost, Pre-Christian state.  By doing so, the 'Spiritual dynamics' of the 2 Peter Theory could describe the motivation for becoming a Christian and begin the emotional/Spiritual explanation for How a person might move from Level to Level within the Theory.  While including this explanation of the Pre-Christian state was necessary for the 2 Peter Theory, it has also proved helpful in dealing with the first group in the Parable of the Sower.


Rocky without much Soil


Unlike the first group, this group does hear the Word / believe (F) for awhile.  They are described as 'immediately' receiving the Word with much joy (Virtue)  This group is clearly talking about the Child of the CYA theory.  Yet, this 'Child' has no firm root.  This is explained in the text by pointing out that, if  temptation or affliction or persecution happens, because of the Word, they will immediately fall away.  This seems to be indicating that they have no Self-Control or Endurance, or at least they have not mastered these virtues.  As a result, they are acting as if they have none of the characteristics of the Youth.  Thus, it seems completely reasonable to think of the Rocky Soil people as being at the Child group and as falling away under stress.


Among Thorns


The people in this group are described as having 'heard' (F) and then they 'go on their way'.  Apparently they don't die or Fall away, unlike the Rocky Soil group.  Yet, although they don't fall away, they are 'choked' by the thorns.  These 'thorns' are described as 'the worry of the world, and the deceitfulness of riches and pleasures of this life.'  It would appear that this group is concerned with Self-Control or Endurance issues.  They are struggling at the Youth.  Because of this 'choking', they are Unfruitful.  They do not bring any fruit to Maturity.  This author tends to think of this 'fruit' as Agape / Love.  It would seem that this 'Thorny' group is describing people who are stuck at the Youth.


Good Soil


Finally, consider the 'Good Soil' group.  This group does NOT have the Word 'snatched away' from them, like the group 'Beside the Road.'  They become Christians.  They heard the Word with an honest and good heart and understand it (F & K / C).  Also, they do not quickly die away like the 'Stony Ground' group.  Additionally, they hold it fast with perseverance (Hupomone / Y).  Further, although everyone must be confronted by temptations and, sometimes, persecutions, they are able to 'hang on' and yielded a crop / Bear fruit (Love / A).  About the size of the crop produced:  there will always be individual differences.  There will be some successes that produce a 30-fold crop.  It may be that they met terrible trials and were blessed just to be able to produce the 30.  Others will be more 'average' and will produce 60.  Lastly, there will be some exceptional persons, possibly with special circumstances, that may even produce 100!  Christians are not all alike.  We have individual differences!


In Summary:


As we saw with 1 JOHN 2:12-14, a three step sequence appeared that seems able to be understood in developmental terms.  While the Parable of the Sower contains a forth, pre-developmental group, it's addition reflects the 'Before Faith' level also found in the 2nd Peter Theory.  The main three groups seem to 'fit' very nicely within the framework provided by the CYA theory derived from 1 John.  Together they portray a simplified sequence which is very compatible with 2 Peter.  The shape and extent of that 'compatibility' will be described in the CYA Theory section.


This page revised and Copyrighted: Theon Doxazo

06 May, 2024